If the relative importance and strength of interactions among these selective conditions change over an herbivores geographic range, local patterns of host use should change in response, evident in. Biology and ecology top of page in krasnodar territory in southern russia, just north of the caucasus mountains yaroshenko, 1975, emergence from overwintered pupae begins in late april or early may, and is completed in 46 weeks. Characterization of a betabaculovirus from the fall. It attacks more than 88 kinds of plants in north america, including many fruit, nut, and ornamental trees and shrubs. Eulophidae, a gregarious pupal endoparasitoid of the fall webworm, hyphantria cunea dru. Materials shall be sampled and prepared, then tested accordingly to examine their conformance to mechanical tensile and yield strength, hardness, and elongationelectrical resistivity and conductivitydimensional, chemical composition, and grain size.
Hyphantria cunea the tents of this native north american moth are noticeable in july or august. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Arctiidae common names fall webworm american white moth ecaille fileuse amerikanischer weisser barenspinner principal hosts 61 forest and fruit trees. Click the download compressed pdf file button to get the compressed file. There are two distinct races of the fall webworm, which can only be identified during the. Fall webworm field guide to insects and diseases of az. The larvae feed in huge nests and are able to completely defoliate trees and shrubs. Fullgrown larvae are approximately 1 inch long, pale green or yellow, and covered with tufts of long, white and black hairs. Arctiidae fang liao 1,2, lin wang 3, song wu 4, yuping li 4, lei zhao 1, guoming huang 2, chunjing niu 2, yanqun liu 4, minggang li 1, 1. Hyphantria cunea hyphcuhost plants eppo global database. Erebidae populations in agricultural and forested areas in the central black sea region of turkey led to the detection of a granulovirus gv. View the article pdf and any associated supplements and figures for a period of 48 hours. Fulllength transcriptome survey and expression analysis. Permission is granted to copy, distribute andor modify this document under the terms of the gnu free documentation license, version 1.
Forest health alert fall webworm from the missouri department of conservation tree species affected. Hyphantria cunea nucleopolyhedrovirus, a novel baculovirus. Fall webworm fall webworm, hyphantria cunea, is a common pest throughout most of the us and southern canada. Using data obtained from sequencing through the illumina hiseq2500 pe125 platform, we performed routine transcriptome analysis on pupae of h. Willow, alder, ash, chokeberry, cottonwood, madrone, and walnut. The fall webworm moth is white and has a wing span of 1 to 112 inches. The adult fall webworm has a wingspan of approximately 30 mm and is generally. Reference to commercial products or trade names is made with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement by texas cooperative extension is implied. It is powerful in its functions and professional in its interface, and the versatility of this programme makes it excellent for people and businesses who often tackle big documents and share them with others.
Hyphantria cunea nucleopolyhedrovirus, a novel baculovirus isolated from fall webworm in korea hyphantria cunea nucleopolyhedrovirus. Oct, 2004 read identification and characterization of hyphantria cunea nucleopolyhedrovirus homologous repeated regions, virus genes on deepdyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips. Family arctiidae, of which the redheaded race is most common in arizona. Gene organization and complete sequence of the hyphantria. Fall webworm, hyphantria cunea drury edis university of florida. Chouioia cunea yang is an endoparasitic wasp which parasitizes pupae and thus plays an important role in the biological control of the fall webworm hyphantria cunea drury, an important. One species, hyphantria cunea, was introduced in western, central and eastern eurasia. Bacillus thuringiensis cry1ah1 proteins with highly specific toxicity against hyphantria cunea were screened using an indoor bioactivity assay to obtain hyperresistant. Webs are noticeable in the fall when larval feeding takes place.
To better understand the chemical orientation of this insect towards its host products, we determined the structure and distribution of antennal sensilla of h. Diapause induction and termination in hyphantria cunea drury. Media in category hyphantria cunea the following 35 files are in this category, out of 35 total. The natural control of the fall webworm hyphantria cunea. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled gnu free documentation license. The fall webworm, hyphantria cunea, is a common defoliator of ornamental and fruit trees in utah. The fall webworm hyphantria cunea is a moth in the family erebidae known principally for its larval stage, which creates the characteristic webbed nests on the tree limbs of a wide variety of hardwoods in the late summer and fall. College of life sciences, nankai university, tianjin 300071, china 2. Transcriptome sequencing for identification of diapause. Studies on the biological control of the fall webworm. The moving wall represents the time period between the last issue available in jstor and the most recently published issue of a journal. Egyptian journal of biological pest control, 241, 2014, 255257 toxicity of some biopesticides to the fall webworm, hyphantria cunea durry lepidoptera. Rodstrom, greenwood resources, portland, oregon, john brown, department of entomology, washington state university. Mutation of doublesex in hyphantria cunea results in sex.
From the missouri department of conservation fall webworm. Historically, the fall webworm hyphantria cunea has been a minor pest in hybrid poplar plantations in the upper columbia river basin. Compared to the better known lepidopteran species which use typei pheromones, little is known at the molecular level about the olfactory mechanisms of. Modulation of mnsod protein in response to different. Frontiers optimization of the cry1ah1 sequence enhances the. Laboratory evaluation of transgenic populus davidiana. To elucidate the novelty of hyphantria cunea nucleopolyhedrovirus hcnpv isolated in korea, polyhedrin and inhibitor of apoptosis iap gene structures were determined and analyzed. Jun 26, 2019 hyphantria cunea pdf if the document is revised or amended, you will be notified by email. Second instar larvae of the fall webworm, hyphantria cunea. Mows alba mulberry acer n e g u d o box elder in addition. Erebidae is extremely adaptable and highly invasive in china as a defoliator of ornamental and forest trees. Dec 10, 2018 the fall webworm, hyphantria cunea, a highly successful invasive species that originated in north america, spread throughout the northern hemisphere during the past 80 years. Some years outbreaks are severe, while in other years they are barely noticed.
Fall webworm genomes yield insights into rapid adaptation. Larvae have been recorded from 400 species of forest and shade trees warren and tadic 1970, greenblatt et al. Arctiidae is an invasive insect pest which, in china, causes unprecedented damage and economic losses due to its extreme fecundity and wide host range. Toxicity of some biopesticides to the fall webworm. Genome of the webworm hyphantria cunea unveils genetic. Caterpillars that are not the gypsy moth caterpillar. Andropdf editor for pdf files for android free download and. In addition, both chemosensory and detoxification genes are vital for host adaptation in insects. It differs from the eastern tent caterpillar which is present only in spring by creating silk webs on the branch tips instead of in branch crotches.
Sometimes there are small, dark spots on the forewings. Fall webworm genomes yield insights into rapid adaptation of. Arctiinae 3 darkbodied larvae tend to occur above 40 latitude, while the multivoltine cycles with greenbodied, red or blackheaded larvae tend to be found in the southern part of the distribution area. Compounds i, ii, and iii are also components of the sex pheromone system of the saltmarsh caterpillar moth,estigmene acrea drury. Sometimes publishers take a little while to make this information available, so please check back in a few days to see if it has been updated. They correspond to an evaluation of the biological importance of the host plant for the pest concerned, together with the economic importance of this plant for the eppo region. Mar 26, 2019 increased expression of the insect control protein genes of bacillus thuringiensis in populus has been critical to the development of genetically improved plants with agronomically acceptable levels of insect resistance. Starting around late july, the caterpillars, webbing, and damage become noticeable, particularly in some of the canyons adjacent to populated areas little. Analysis of the antennal transcriptome and insights into.
Abstracta broad survey of the fall webworm lepidoptera. The fall webworm, hyphantria cunea drury lepidoptera. A total of 148 open reading frames orfs consisting of more than 50 aa were encoded by the genome. The fall webworm, hyphantria cunea, is native to north america and was introduced inadvertently into europe and asia in 1940 and 1945, respectively 3 supplementary fig. Fall webworm wsu extension washington state university. Entomologists tell us that webworm outbreaks run in cycles. The hairy caterpillars grow to about 1 long and vary in coloration. A mating pair of fall webworms, hyphantria cunea drury. The response of fall webworm larvae, hyphantria cunea, to identical feeding stimuli presented in a series of multiple choice tests was studied in the laboratory. The moths are primarily found in north and central america.
Sex pheromone of the fall webworm moth, hyphantria cunea. The fall webworm hyphantria cunea is an invasive and polyphagous defoliator pest that feeds on nearly any type of deciduous tree worldwide. Starting around late july, the caterpillars, webbing, and damage become noticeable, particularly in some of the canyons adjacent to populated areas little cottonwood canyon, logan canyon, provo canyon, etc. The chitinase genes are transcribed during the transition stages of larval. It is often mistaken for the gypsy moth caterpillar which does not create webs and. Save map as png save map as svg save list as excel file save list as csv file. Pdf isolation and identification of entomopathogenic. Electron microscopy confirmed typical gv morphology with ovoid granules of. Diapause induction and termination in hyphantria cunea. The wholegenome sequence of the hyphantria cunea nucleopolyhedrovirus hycunpv was analysed. Larvae are brownishgrey, 25 3040mm long, and have 12 small warts surmounted by characteristic tufts of hair virginia state university 1996. The adult fall web worm hyphantria cunea has a wingspan of 2531mm and is snowy white, usually with dark spots on the wings virginia state university 1996. The complete mitochondrial genome of the fall webworm.
Host use and geographic variation in fall webworms. In rare instances, a publisher has elected to have a zero moving wall, so their current issues are available. Fall webworm, hyphantria cunea, is a common pest throughout most of the us and southern canada. We dont have any change log information yet for version 15. Biology and management of the fall webworm, hyphantria cunea. Hyphantria cunea the fall webworm caterpillar, hyphantria cunea, in the family arctiidae, is a pest native to north america that can cause serious defoliation to deciduous trees and shrubs.
The natural control of the fall webworm hyphantria cunea drury in canada. It feeds on almost all shade, fruit and deciduous ornamental trees, but some of its preferred hosts include american elm, birch, hickory, and some maples. The fall webworm hyphantria cunea is a moth in the family erebidae known principally for its. The effect of predator age and prey defense on the functional response of podisus maculiventris say to the density of hyphantria cunea drury1 volume 95 issue 10 r. The fall webworm is a widely distributed native pest of shade trees and shrubs and appears from late summer through early fall. It is often mistaken for the gypsy moth caterpillar which does not create webs and the eastern tent caterpillar which does create tents. Identification and characterization of hyphantria cunea. After analyzing the transcriptome data, we identified 124 olfactionrelated genes in total, including 30 obps, 17 csps, 52 ors, 14 irs, 9 grs, and two snmps.
In this study, cuznsod and mnsod induction by heat and cold stress in h. Social feeding behavior of hyphantria cunea larvae. Sep 01, 2011 the fall webworm, hyphantria cunea, is a common defoliator of ornamental and fruit trees in utah. It feeds on almost all shade, fruit and deciduous ornamental trees, but some of its preferred hosts include american elm. Larvae of the orange race have orange heads and orange tubercles, while larvae of the black race have black heads and tubercles. In this study, we used the illumina hiseq 2500tm platform to sequence the antennal tran scriptome of h.
Morphological characteristics of antennal sensilla in. Hosted by the usgs core science analytics and synthesis. Hyphantria cunea blackheaded and redheaded races present. Frontiers optimization of the cry1ah1 sequence enhances. All you need to do to compress pdf document is to drag and drop the original file into the opened tab of your browser and pdf candy will start the pdf compression automatically.
Biology and management of the fall webworm, hyphantria. Abstractthe fall webworm, hyphantria cunea drury, enters facultative diapause as a pupa in response to shortday. There are 2 distinct races of the fall webworm in louisiana, with populations usually held at subeconomic levels by biological agents. Heavy, driving rains can flush the worms from the foliage early in the season, reducing the level of damage. Alternatively, you can download the file locally and open with any standalone pdf reader. The pdf file you selected should load here if your web browser has a pdf reader plugin installed for example, a recent version of adobe acrobat reader if you would like more information about how to print, save, and work with pdfs, highwire press provides a helpful frequently asked questions about pdfs. Evaluation of some entomopathogenic fungi against the fall.
Insect sex pheromone fall webworm moth american white moth hyphantria cunea salt march caterpillar moth estigmene acrea lepidoptera arctiidae z,z9,12octadecadienal linolealdehyde z,z,z9,12,15octadecatrienal linolenaldehyde z,z3,6cis9,10epoxyheneicosadiene. The fall webworm, hyphantria cunea drury, is a pest of a number of ornamental trees and shrubs as well as of several agricultural crops. Pdf the fall webworm, hyphantria cunea lepidoptera. Andropdf is a pdf editor to create and edit pdf files. Increased expression of the insect control protein genes of bacillus thuringiensis in populus has been critical to the development of genetically improved plants with agronomically acceptable levels of insect resistance. After adaptor trimming and quality filtering, a total of. It does not attack pines and other needlebearing trees conifers. It does not attack conifers pines and other needlebearing trees. The complete mitochondrial genome of the fall webworm, hyphantria cunea lepidoptera. Pdf the complete mitochondrial genome of the fall webworm. Native to north america, this species has become an invasive pest throughout europe and asia, and therefore is well studied. The genus was erected by thaddeus william harris in 1841. The fall webworm, hyphantria cunea drury, is a common caterpillar pest of trees. Fall webworm, hyphantrea cunea master gardener program.
Hyphantria is a genus of tiger moths in the family erebidae. Bacillus thuringiensis cry1ah1 proteins with highly specific toxicity against hyphantria cunea were screened using an indoor bioactivity assay to obtain hyper. Hyphantria cunea granulovirus hycugvhc1 isolate was characterized and tested against third instar larvae of h. Rearing techniques for fall webworms hyphantria cuneadrury in colorado pdf. Page designed through the cooperative efforts of interagency itis teams. Arctiidae is an invasive insect pest which, in china, causes unprecedented damage and economic losses due to its extreme fecundity and wide host range, including forest and shade trees, and even crops.
Categories have been assigned by the eppo secretariat on the basis of available data at the time of entry. Larvae feed on foliage, forming large webs in the branches of trees. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and uptodate information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in. Adults emerge as early as march in the south, but do not fly. The fall webworm, hyphantria cunea drury, is native to north america and is a common caterpillar pest of trees. Total pdf converter is a pdf transformation tool that allows you to convert your documents into or from files of over 15 other formats. This moth in the family arctiidae is a native of north america. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the. The complete mitochondrial genome mitogenome of the fall webworm, hyphantria cunea lepidoptera.
Instead of responding independently, all larvae in 61 % of the trials were observed to aggregate at one of two identical feeding stations. The effect of predator age and prey defense on the functional. It attacks more than 88 different kinds of plants, including many fruit, nut and ornamental trees and shrubs. Hyphantria cunea drury, 1773 hyphantria orizaba druce, 1897. The information given herein is for educational purposes only. It is considered a pest but although unsightly, does not harm otherwise healthy trees. Host use in herbivores is determined by a variety of ecological drivers, including bottomup and topdown selective pressures such as host abundance, host plant quality, and parasitism pressure. Fall webworm hyphantria cunea printable pdf click on images to see larger view the fall webworm caterpillar, hyphantria cunea, in the family arctiidae, is a pest native to north america that can cause serious defoliation to deciduous trees and shrubs. Erebidae, is a common and conspicuous defoliator of hardwood trees throughout the united states from southern canada to northern mexico. Itis taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. If you do not see its contents the file may be temporarily unavailable at the journal website or you do not have a pdf plugin installed and enabled in your browser. Pdf isolation and identification of entomopathogenic fungi.1046 268 170 1375 516 931 672 863 32 264 233 505 1238 602 1384 1130 236 1371 1193 390 1024 571 219 1176 1507 765 1444 542 290 1130 256 1510 115 1115 363 1238 975 1291 273 1473 1048 1030 1478 815 1413